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Minister and lecturer Sylvester Graham was a major figure of the 19th century dietary reform movement and was also known as the person behind Graham crackers.
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Graham's teachings also inspired controversy, as he was critiqued by some via media and literally besieged by bakers and butchers for his anti-commercial stance on bread. Additionally, he was seen as a source of outrage in Maine for speaking openly about sexual activity.
Though Graham was a preacher of moderation, he was often overworked, and by 1839, had retired from lecturing, working as a poet and struggling with physical and mental health issues. Nonetheless, in 1850 he was still able to co-found with Metcalfe another organization, the American Vegetarian Society. Over the years, some of Graham's tenets were incorporated into various parts of the U.S. food system, with John Harvey and W.K. Kellogg particularly making use of Graham's grains in their breakfast cereal products.
Graham died on September 11, 1851, at the age of 57, in Northampton, Massachusetts.
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