- NAME: Stephen Crane
- OCCUPATION: Journalist, Author
- BIRTH DATE: November 01, 1871
- DEATH DATE: June 05, 1900
- EDUCATION: Claverack College, Syracuse University, Lafayette College
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Newark, New Jersey
- PLACE OF DEATH: Badenweiler, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
- Full Name: Stephen Townley Crane
- AKA: Stephen Crane
- AKA: "Johnston Smith"
Best Known For
Stephen Crane was a 19th century American writer best known for his novels The Red Badge of Courage and Maggie: A Girl of the Streets.
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However, after the ship on which he was traveling, the SS Commodore, sank, Crane spent a day and a half adrift with three other men. His account of the ordeal resulted in one of the world's great short stories, "The Open Boat."
Unable to get to Cuba, in April 1898, Crane went to Greece to report on the Greco-Turkish War, taking with him Cora Taylor, a former brothel proprietor. However, after an armistice was signed between Greece and Turkey in May of that year, Crane and Taylor left Greece for England. Crane continued to write, publishing The Third Violet in 1897 and Active Service in 1899, but nearly universal negative reviews of every novel since The Red Badge of Courage caused his literary reputation to dwindle, and, despite Courage being in its 14th printing, Crane was running out of money.
On top of his mounting financial troubles, Crane's health had been deteriorating for a few years; he had contracted everything from malaria to yellow fever during his Bowery years and time as a war correspondent. In May 1899, Crane, along with Cora Taylor, checked into a health spa on the edge of the Black Forest in Germany. One month later, on June 5, 1900, Stephen Crane died of tuberculosis at the age of 28.
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