Best Known For
Stanley Tookie Williams is best known for founding the Crips gang.
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That same year, Williams appealed again for a commuted death sentence. The appeals panel urged the judge to consider commuting Williams' death sentence to life behind bars, citing the former gang member's efforts toward anti-gang education. The appeal failed once again.
In 2004, Williams helped create the Tookie Protocol For Peace, a peace agreement for one of the deadliest and most infamous gang wars in the country between the Crips and their rival,
the Bloods. Williams received a letter from President George W. Bush commending him for his actions. That same year, his book Blue Rage, Black Redemption: A Memoir (2004) was published. The book was written with the intention to warn kids away from following Williams' life of crime. His story was also turned into a TV movie, Redemption: The Stan Tookie Williams Story (2004), starring Jamie Foxx.
With his death sentence close at hand, Williams petitioned again for clemency in 2005. California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger met with Williams to help decide whether the sentence should be commuted to life in prison. Williams' defenders and prosecutors each had 30 minutes to plead their case to the governor. After the meeting, Schwarzenegger denied Williams bid for clemency, citing the forensic evidence linking him to the killings in 1979. Despite protests from the NAACP and various supporters who turned out to fight the decision, Williams was executed by lethal injection on December 13, 2005, at San Quentin State Prison.
His co-author and spokeswoman, Barbara Cottman Becnel, says she will continue the fight to prove Williams' innocence.
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More than 30,000 gangs plague American streets, wreaking havoc from Los Angeles to New York. This violent subculture floods cities with drug traffic, extortion, and even weapons trading. But some members stand apart from others for their fearless attitudes and business savvy. From Leroy "Nicky" Barnes, one of Harlem's biggest drug king pins, to Kody "Monster" Scott, a member of L.A.'s Crips gang by the age of 13, these notorious gangsters have become legendary for rising to the top of their organizations by pushing the limits, no matter the cost.
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