- NAME: Shirley Temple
- OCCUPATION: Film Actress, Diplomat
- BIRTH DATE: April 23, 1928
- DEATH DATE: February 10, 2014
- Did You Know?: In 1988, Shirley Temple became the only person to date to achieve the rank of honorary U.S. Foreign Service officer.
- EDUCATION: Westlake School for Girls
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Santa Monica, California
- PLACE OF DEATH: California
- Maiden Name: Shirley Jane Temple
- AKA: Shirley Temple
- Nickname: Little Miss Miracle
- Full Name: Shirley Temple Black
Best Known For
Shirley Temple was the leading child actor of her time, receiving a special Oscar and starring in films like Bright Eyes and Heidi.
Shirley Temple - Child Star (1:12)
Watch a short video about Shirley Temple and find out why she was considered the nation's greatest weapon against the Depression.
Shirley Temple is the most popular child star of all time, known for acting, singing, and dancing in movies including "Heidi," "The Little Princess," "Bright Eyes," and "Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm."
Despite achieving great success as a young actress in Hollywood, Elizabeth Taylor’s life was dominated by her career and family.
Judy Garland signed with MGM at the age of 13 and in 1939 she starred in "The Wizard of Oz." After years of battling addiction and professional disappointments, she died on June 22, 1969.
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Born on April 23, 1928, in Santa Monica, California, Shirley Temple was a leading child film actress during the Great Depression, starring in works like Bright Eyes and Captain January. When her rendition of the song "On a Good Ship Lollipop" became famous in the 1930s, she earned a special Academy Award. Temple took on some acting roles as an adult before entering politics, becoming a U.S. diplomat for the United Nations. She died on February 10, 2014, at age 85, in California.
"When I was 14, I was the oldest I ever was ... I've been getting younger ever since."
"Good luck needs no explanation."
"Be brave and clear. Follow your heart and don't be overly influenced by outside factors. Be true to yourself."
"I stopped believing in Santa Claus when I was six. Mother took me to see him in a department store and he asked for my autograph."
"I wanted to be in the FBI. I also wanted to be a pie salesman. It was so intense that the studio got the prop department to make a little pie wagon and they filled it with tarts. I wheeled it around the set and sold them to the crew. I was about 8 years old. I always sold out and I didn't have to pay for them. It was a great deal!"
"I have no trouble being taken seriously as a woman and a diplomat [in Ghana]. My only problems have been with Americans who, in the beginning, refused to believe I had grown up since my movies."
[Stated after her 1974 appointment as U.S. ambassador to Ghana.]
"As long as our country has Shirley Temple, we will be all right."
Shirley Jane Temple was born to a banker and a housewife with two older children, on April 23, 1928, in Santa Monica, California. When Temple was just 3 years old, she landed a contract with Educational Pictures, making her acting debut in a string of low-budget movies dubbed "Baby Burlesques." Temple's mother capitalized on the toddler's natural flair for dancing by enrolling her in dance classes at the age of 3 1/2. Her father became her agent and financial adviser.
The exposure that "Baby Burlesques" afforded Temple led her to a contract with the Fox Film Corporation. When the budding actress was 6 years old, she appeared in her first Hollywood feature film, Carolina. (When off-set, she attended the Westlake School for Girls.) With Fox, Temple made an additional eight films, including the smash hit Little Miss Marker. The young actress, singer and dancer with the bouncing golden corkscrew curls and infectious optimism proved to be an overnight sensation and a top earner for the studio.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt called Temple "Little Miss Miracle" for raising the public's morale during times of economic hardship, even going so far as to say, "As long as our country has Shirley Temple, we will be all right." Temple's song-and-dance routine to the tune "On the Good Ship Lollipop" in 1934's Bright Eyes earned her a special Academy Award, for "Outstanding Personality of 1934." By 1940, Temple had 43 films under her belt.
When Shirley Temple began to mature, her popularity with audiences waned. As an adolescent, she appeared in The Blue Bird (1940), which performed poorly at the box office. At age 19, she co-starred as Susan Turner in The Bachelor and the Bobby Soxer with Cary Grant and Myrna Loy. Though the film received critical praise, audiences struggled to accept that their "Little Miss Miracle" was growing up.
Following her 1948 appearance opposite John Wayne in Fort Apache, Temple found it increasingly difficult to land major roles. During the 1950s and early '60s, she made scattered appearances on the small screen, but her career as a popular film star had ended at an earlier age than most entertainers' had begun.
As Temple's entertainment work petered out, she refocused her efforts on a career in public service. In 1967, she ran unsuccessfully for a U.S. congressional seat. From 1969 to '70, she served as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. Temple was appointed ambassador to Ghana in 1974. Two years later, she became chief of protocol of the United States, a position that she would hold until 1977.
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