- NAME: Salmon P. Chase
- OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist, Lawyer, Supreme Court Justice, U.S. Representative, U.S. Governor, Government Official
- BIRTH DATE: January 13, 1808
- DEATH DATE: May 07, 1873
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Cornish, New Hampshire
- PLACE OF DEATH: New York, New York
- Full Name: Salmon Portland Chase
- AKA: Salmon P. Chase
- AKA: Salmon Chase
Best Known For
As Secretary of the Treasury under Lincoln, Salmon P. Chase implemented the National Banking Act and was the sixth chief justice of the Supreme Court.
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Lincoln and Chase had a tumultuous working relationship, and Chase resigned as secretary in 1864. (It has been reported that Chase was only threatening his resignation to force a political matter—a ploy he'd used a few times previously—not believing the president would call his bluff.) Chase then made another bid for the presidential nomination, but lost due to Lincoln's popularity.
By the end of 1864, however, Chase had begun a new,
highly coveted role as the sixth chief justice of the Supreme Court; Lincoln appointed him to the position after the death of Roger Taney. During his time on the bench, Chase oversaw cases connected to the Reconstruction era, deliberating over arguments that enforced the sanctity of the Union while maintaining his support for African-American civil rights. He also handled the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson and made two more unsuccessful bids for the presidency, in 1868 and 1872.
Chase died in New York City on May 7, 1873, at the age of 65, after suffering a stroke. He was buried in Washington, D.C. Chase National Bank was named after him years later, in recognition of his financial accomplishments.
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President Abraham Lincoln's Cabinet was truly one of the most unique in American history, including several of his disappointed presidential opponents—William Seward, Salmon P. Chase, Simon Cameron and Edward Bates, who lost the Republican Party's presidential nomination to Lincoln in 1860—as well as dogmatic politicians like Montgomery Blair, Hannibal Hamlin, Edwin Stanton, Gideon Welles and Lincoln's future successor, President Andrew Johnson. Learn more about these historic figures, Abraham Lincoln's presidency, the American Civil War and more, only at Biography.com.
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