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American neuroscientist Richard Axel is best known for his work on the olfactory system, exploring how the brain interprets smell.
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Born on July 2, 1948, in Brooklyn, New York, famed neuroscientist Richard Axel is best known for his work on the olfactory system, exploring how the brain interprets smell through the olfactory cells at the back of the nasal cavity. He and his partner, Linda B. Buck, discovered that there are nearly 1,000 genes that produce an equivalent number of olfactory receptors, which play a major role in scent detection. Axel and Buck shared the 2004 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for their important research of the olfactory system.
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