- NAME: Queen Mother Elizabeth
- OCCUPATION: Political Leader, Queen
- BIRTH DATE: August 04, 1900
- DEATH DATE: March 30, 2002
- PLACE OF BIRTH: London, England
- PLACE OF DEATH: London, England
- AKA: Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
- AKA: Queen Consort of the United Kingdom
- AKA: Queen Mother Elizabeth
- Nickname: "Smiling Duchess"
- Originally: Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon
- AKA: Queen Elizabeth Queen Consort
- AKA: The Queen Mother
- Nickname: "Queen Mum"
- AKA: Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother
Best Known For
Queen Elizabeth was the Queen consort of King George VI until his death in 1952. She is best known for her moral support to the British people during WWII and her longevity.
George VI - Lady Elizabeth (1:20)
George VI - Becoming King (1:32)
George VI - Visiting FDR (0:42)
Born Elizabeth Angela Martuerite Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mother Elizabeth was one of the most popular debutantes of her time. And as such caught the eye of King George VI, then the Duke of York.
King George VI faced many personal challenges as King of England, including his now famous stutter. But his wife, the Duchess of York was a key figure in his life that helped him overcome the challenges.
King George VI was the first ruling British Monarch to ever visit the United States. On his trip they had one agenda, to win the hearts of the American people.
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In addition to her public duties, she enjoyed growing camellias in her gardens, fishing and horseracing, owning several prize-winning steeplechase horses.
The Queen Mother Elizabeth was particularly close to her grandson, Prince Charles. Soon after he wed Princess Diana, the Queen Mother welcomed Diana and took her under her wing. Following the young couple's divorce,
Elizabeth's friendship with Diana cooled considerably—perhaps due to her strong opposition to divorce or her close relationship with Charles. Privately, Elizabeth was very disturbed by the divorce, though publically, she tried to remain above the rancor and embarrassment.
In her later years, the Queen Mother Elizabeth became known for her longevity. She celebrated her 90th birthday in August 1990, and continued to stay active with appearances at official celebrations. She also successfully underwent surgeries for a cataract, hip replacements and a broken collarbone. In December 2001, at age 101, the Queen Mother had a fall and fractured her pelvis. She recuperated well enough to attend a memorial service for her late husband in February of the following year. On February 9, 2002, her youngest daughter, Princess Margaret, died at the age of 71. Despite falling and injuring her arm a few days after Margaret's death, the Queen Mother managed to attend her daughter's funeral.
On March 30, 2002, the Queen Mother died in her sleep at her home, the Royal Lodge at Windsor Great Park, with her surviving daughter, Queen Elizabeth II, at her side. She was 101 years old and at the time of her death, and remains the longest living member of Britain's royal family.
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They rule the Royal House of Windsor, and they can trace their bloodlines back through thousands of years of monarchy and leadership. The British Royal Family, with Queen Elizabeth II at the head of the throne, lead Britain's constitutional monarchy. As the Queen celebrates her Diamond Jubilee in 2012 and is honored for 60 years on the throne, the Royal Family has never been more popular. They go by the terms "His and Her Royal Highness," yet they are admired for their style, down-to-earth personalities, media savvy, and their devotion to humanitarian causes. All eyes are on Princes William and Harry as they carry on their family legacy into the 21st century.
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