- NAME: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
- OCCUPATION: Songwriter
- BIRTH DATE: May 07, 1840
- DEATH DATE: November 06, 1893
- EDUCATION: Imperial School of Jurisprudence, St. Petersburg Conservatory
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Kamsko-Votkinsk, Vyatka, Russia
- PLACE OF DEATH: St. Petersburg, Russia
- Full Name: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
- AKA: Piotr Ilyich Tschaikovsky
- AKA: Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
- AKA: Pyotr Ilyich Chaikovsky
- AKA: Pyotr Ilyich Chaikovskii
- AKA: Pyotr Ilyich Tschaikowsky
Best Known For
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is widely considered the most popular Russian composer in history. His work includes the The Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker.
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His collective body of work constitutes 169 pieces, including symphonies, operas, ballets, concertos, cantatas and songs. Among his most famed late works are the ballets The Sleeping Beauty (1890) and The Nutcracker (1892).
Struggling with societal pressures to repress his homosexuality, in 1877, Tchaikovsky married a young music student named Antonina Milyukova. The marriage was a catastrophe, with Tchaikovsky abandoning his wife within weeks of the wedding. During a nervous breakdown, he unsuccessfully attempted to commit suicide, and eventually fled abroad.
Tchaikovsky could afford to resign from the Moscow Conservatory in 1878, thanks to the patronage of a wealthy widow named Nadezhda von Meck. For nearly the next decade and a half, she provided him with a monthly allowance. Oddly, their arrangement, which lasted until Tchaikovsky's death, stipulated that they would never meet.
Tchaikovsky died in St. Petersburg on November 6, 1893. While the cause of his death was officially declared as cholera, some of his biographers believe that he committed suicide after the humiliation of a sex scandal trial. However, only oral (no written) documentation exists to support this theory.
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