- NAME: P.W. Botha
- OCCUPATION: World Leader, Prime Minister
- BIRTH DATE: January 12, 1916
- DEATH DATE: October 31, 2006
- EDUCATION: University of the Orange Free State
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Paul Roux, South Africa
- PLACE OF DEATH: Cape Coast, South Africa
- Full Name: Pieter Willem Botha
- AKA: Pieter Botha
- AKA: P.W. Botha
- Nickname: "Great Crocodile"
- Nickname: "Old Crocodile"
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By August 1989, Botha had stepped down as president, following the advice of political colleagues, including new National Party leader F.W. de Klerk, who would be elected to the presidency in September.
De Klerk ultimately responded to international pressure,
freeing Mandela and recognizing the ANC. Apartheid's laws were repealed in 1991 and Mandela became the first black president of South Africa as a result of the multi-racial elections of 1994.
Both was called upon to testify at a 1997 Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearing, but refused to show and was thus found guilty of contempt. He was fined and given a suspended year sentence that was overturned upon appeal. He died on October 31, 2006, on South Africa's southern Cape coast.
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Learn more about some of the world's most famous prime ministers, including "Iron Lady" Margaret Thatcher, the first woman to hold the position; Winston Churchill, who stood against Adolph Hitler's threat to control Europe during World War II; Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister; and his daughter, Indira Gandhi, who served three consecutive terms as prime minister before she was assassinated by her bodyguards in 1984.
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