- NAME: Petrarch
- OCCUPATION: Philosopher, Poet
- BIRTH DATE: July 20, 1304
- DEATH DATE: c. July 19, 1374
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Arezzo, Tuscany (now part of Italy), Italy
- PLACE OF DEATH: Arquà (near Padua), Carrara (now part of Italy), Italy
- Originally: Francesco Petrarca
- Nickname: Father of Humanism
- Nickname: Father of the Renaissance
- AKA: Petrarch
Best Known For
Petrarch was a poet and scholar whose humanist philosophy set the stage for the Renaissance. He is also considered one of the fathers of the modern Italian language.
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After retiring to work in his study on July 18, 1374, Petrarch died during the night. His body was discovered the following morning.
As one of the world's first classical scholars, Petrarch unearthed vast stores of knowledge in the lost texts he discovered, while his philosophy of humanism helped foment the intellectual growth and accomplishments of the Renaissance. Petrarch's legacy also includes his poems,
sonnets and other writing. His vernacular writing was immortalized when it was used—alongside the works of Dante Alighieri and Giovanni Boccaccio—as the foundation for the modern Italian language.
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