- NAME: Peter Paul Rubens
- OCCUPATION: Painter
- BIRTH DATE: June 28, 1577
- DEATH DATE: May 30, 1640
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Siegen, Westphalia (now Germany)
- PLACE OF DEATH: Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands (now Belgium)
- Full Name: Sir Peter Paul Rubens
- Originally: Peter Paul Rubens
- AKA: Rubens
- AKA: "The Prince of Painters and the Painter of Princes"
Best Known For
Peter Paul Rubens was one of the most famous and successful European artists of the 17th century, and isknown for such works as "The Descent from the Cross," "Wolf and Fox Hunt" and "The Garden of Love."
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When he returned to Antwerp, he married his second wife, Helena Fourment; his family group "Self-Portrait with Helena and Peter Paul" was a testament to his domestic happiness with his wife and new son. In the 1630s, Rubens produced several of his major mythological works, including "The Judgment of Paris" and "The Garden of Love," an idyllic scene of courting couples in a landscape.
At the time of his death, on May 30, 1640, in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands (now Belgium), Rubens was one of the most celebrated artists in Europe. He left behind eight children as well as numerous studio assistants, some of whom—most notably Anthony van Dyck—went on to have successful artistic careers of their own.
Rubens's skill at arranging complex groupings of figures in a composition, his ability to work on a large scale, his ease at depicting diverse subjects and his personal eloquence and charm all contributed to his success. His style combined Renaissance idealization of the human form with lush brushwork, dynamic poses and a lively sense of realism. His fondness for depicting fleshy, curvaceous female bodies, in particular, has made the word "Rubenesque" a familiar term.
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