- NAME: Pablo Picasso
- OCCUPATION: Painter
- BIRTH DATE: October 25, 1881
- DEATH DATE: April 08, 1973
- EDUCATION: La Llotja (Reial Acadèmia Catalana de Belles Arts de Sant Jordi), Royal Academy of San Fernando, School of Fine Arts (Barcelona, Spain)
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Málaga, Spain
- PLACE OF DEATH: Mougins, France
- AKA: Pablo Ruiz y Picasso
- AKA: Pablo Picasso
- Full Name: Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso
Best Known For
Spanish expatriate Pablo Picasso was one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, as well as the co-creator of Cubism.
Pablo Picasso - Birth (0:57)
Pablo Picasso - Guernica (0:59)
Pablo Picasso - Paintings (0:59)
On October 25, 1881, painter Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain, and would go on to become one of the founders of Cubism and one of the most influential artists of all time.
Picasso's most political work, "Guernica," is a reaction to the bombings of the Spanish village by German and Italian forces during the Spanish Civil War.
Watch a short video about Pablo Picasso, whose influence spans every aspect of 20th Century Art. He created enough works to fill several museums, and his paintings were concerned more with creating new forms than imitating life.
A short biography of Pablo Picasso who developed cubism and flourished as an artist. His painting "Guernica," which depicts the bombing of a Basque village during the Spanish Civil War, is considered his masterpiece.
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Touching on the artistic validity of these later works, Picasso once remarked upon passing a group of school kids in his old age, "When I was as old as these children, I could draw like Raphael, but it took me a lifetime to learn to draw like them." Picasso created the epitome of his later work, "Self Portrait Facing Death," using pencil and crayon, a year before his death. The autobiographical subject, drawn with crude technique,
appears as something between a human and an ape, with a green face and pink hair. Yet the expression in his eyes, capturing a lifetime of wisdom, fear and uncertainty, is the unmistakable work of a master at the height of his powers.
Pablo Picasso continued to create art and maintain an ambitious schedule in his later years, superstitiously believing that work would keep him alive. He died on April 8, 1973, at the age of 91, in Mougins, France. His legacy, however, has long endured.
Inarguably one of the most celebrated and influential painters of the 20th century, Picasso continues to garner reverence for his technical mastery, visionary creativity and profound empathy, and, together, these qualities have distinguished him as a revolutionary artist. Picasso also remains renowned for endlessly reinventing himself, switching between styles so radically different that his life's work seems to be the product of five or six great artists rather than just one.
Of his penchant for style diversity, Picasso insisted that his varied work was not indicative of radical shifts throughout his career, but, rather, of his dedication to objectively evaluating for each piece the form and technique best suited to achieve his desired effect. "Whenever I wanted to say something, I said it the way I believed I should," he explained. "Different themes inevitably require different methods of expression. This does not imply either evolution or progress; it is a matter of following the idea one wants to express and the way in which one wants to express it."
An incorrigible womanizer, Picasso had countless relationships with girlfriends, mistresses, muses and prostitutes during his lifetime, marrying only twice. He wed a ballerina named Olga Khokhlova in 1918, and they remained together for nine years, parting ways in 1927. In 1961, at the age of 69, he married his second wife, Jacqueline Roque.
Between marriages, in 1935, Picasso met Dora Maar, a fellow artist, on the set of Jean Renoir's film Le Crime de Monsieur Lange (released in 1936). The two soon embarked upon a partnership that was both romantic and professional. Their relationship lasted more than a decade, during and after which time Maar struggled with depression; they parted ways in 1946, three years after Picasso began having an affair with a woman named Françoise Gilot.
Picasso fathered four children: Paul, Maya, Claude and Paloma.
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