- NAME: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
- OCCUPATION: World Leader
- BIRTH DATE: March 12, 1881
- DEATH DATE: November 10, 1938
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Thessalonika, Greece
- PLACE OF DEATH: Istanbul, Turkey
- Originally: Mustafa
- AKA: Mustafa Kemal
- AKA: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
- Nickname: "Father of Turkey"
- Nickname: "Father of the Turks"
Best Known For
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was a revolutionary who helped establish the Republic of Turkey. He was Turkey's first president, and his reforms modernized the country.
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Mustafa removed women’s veiling laws and gave women the right to vote.
Although he believed he was advancing the country, not all of Mustafa Kemal’s reforms were warmly received. His policy of state secularism was particularly controversial, and he was accused of decimating important cultural traditions.
Mustafa Kemal was married briefly from 1923 to 1925, and although he never fathered children, he adopted 12 daughters and one son. In 1935 he introduced surnames in Turkey, and he took the last name Ataturk, which means "Father of the Turks." He died on November 10, 1938, from cirrhosis of the liver.
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