Motilal Nehru (born May 6, 1861) was a prosperous Brahman lawyer who shunned politics until 1907 when he presided over a conference on Indian independence. The 1919 Amritsar massacre spurred him to join Mahatma Gandhi's noncooperation movement and cofound the Swaraj Party. Nehru was imprisoned during the 1930 Salt March and died soon after. His son Jawaharlal became India's first prime minister.
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