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Mohamed Morsi became Egypt's first democratically elected president in June 2012, succeeding Hosni Mubarak. He served in that position until July 2013, when he was ousted by Egypt's armed forces.
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This move sparked much outrage, including public protests throughout the country. People attacked offices of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom & Justice Party.
Members of the country's judiciary went on strike, and some of Morsi's own advisers quit their positions due to this bold power grab. Morsi's actions also had an impact on the Egyptian economy, causing a drop in its stock market. Under pressure from his constituents and from other leaders around the globe,
Morsi agreed to meet with the Supreme Judicial Council to discuss this situation.
By the following year, however, Morsi had grown more dogmatic and Egypt's political environment had worsened. In July 2013, millions of protesters gathered outside of Morsi's presidential palace calling for his removal from office. And Morsi refused to adhere to an army ultimatum requiring the president to share power or step down.
In a statement, the president's office claimed that Morsi had not been consulted before the ultimatum deadline was set, and that Morsi had his own plan for national reconciliation. "If we changed someone in office who [was elected] according to constitutional legitimacy—well, there will be people opposing the new president too, and a week or a month later they will ask him to step down," Morsi stated just hours before the ultimatum deadline was set, according to an article by The Guardian. "There is no room for any talk against this constitutional legitimacy. There can be demonstrations and people expressing their opinions. But what's critical in all this is the adoption and application of the constitution."
On July 3, 2013, Morsi was officially ousted as president by Egypt's armed forces. Following the army's announcement, which was televised, millions of protesters celebrated countrywide, reportedly shouting phrases like "God is great" and "Long live Egypt."
Not long after the announcement was made, Morsi stated that the Egyptian military's measures "represent a full coup categorically rejected by all the free men of our nation" via his Twitter page. Additionally, just hours after the announcement, Morsi was placed under house arrest, confined at the Republican guard headquarters, while the military suspended the country's constitution and ordered new elections.
Morsi's removal from power led to unrest across Egypt with clashes taking place between his supporters and detractors. The Egyptian government killed some pro-Morsi Muslim protestors during this time. The government also arrested and tried some of his supporters as well. That November, Morsi himself was put on trial for allegedly inciting the murder of several protestors in December 2012. He told the court that "this trial is illegimate," according to a report in The New York Times. Morsi claimed to still be the rightful president of Egypt. After only one day in court, the trial was postponed until early 2014.
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