Mohamed Atta

Mohamed Atta Biography.com

(1968–2001)
Mohamed Atta is believed to have been the pilot of the first plane that crashed into the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.

Synopsis

Terrorist Mohamed Atta was born in Egypt in 1968. He studied at Cairo University, earning his degree in 1990. Atta then studied at Hamburg Technical University for several years, completing his studies in 1999. While a student, he traveled to Afghanistan where he trained with al Qaeda. In 2001, Atta went to the United States, where he trained as a flight pilot in Florida. During the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, Atta is believed to have piloted American Airlines Flight 11, which crashed into the World Trade Center.

Early Life

Born on September 1, 1968 in Kafr el Sheikh, Egypt, Mohamed Atta was the mastermind behind the September 11th terrorist attacks in 2001. He was the youngest son of a lawyer. Raised in a suburb of Cairo, Atta has been described as a shy and polite child. His father felt like Atta was spoiled by his mother, according to an interview with The New York Times. "I used to tell her that she is raising him as a girl," Mohamed al-Amir Atta Sr. said.

Atta came from a modern Muslim family. His older sisters went on to careers in medicine and academia. Atta pursued an engineering degree at Cairo University and graduated in 1990. Under pressure from his father, he continued his studies overseas at the Hamburg Technical University in Germany.

Making of a Terrorist

While in Germany, Atta worked part-time for an urban planning company. He became more religious and started to follow certain Muslim dietary rules, such as abstaining from drinking alcohol. According to some reports, Atta spoke out about the Egyptian government's treatment of fundamentalist groups back home. He also expressed anti-Semitic and anti-American views.

At the university, Atta insisted on a prayer room for himself and other fellow Muslims. He also lived with fellow September 11th terrorists Marwan al Shehhi and Ziad Jarrah at some point during his time in Germany. In the late 1990s, Atta is believed to have trained at an al Qaeda camp in Afghanistan. He was linked to an al Qaeda terror cell in Hamburg in 1999. While still in Germany, Atta began researching flight schools in the United States, according to the 9/11 Commission Report.

September 11th Attacks

Atta entered the United States on June 3, 2000. He and Shehhi soon enrolled in flight school in Venice, Florida. Atta spent six months earning his pilot's license. In January 2001, he went to Germany to give a progress report to an al Qaeda official there. Atta later traveled to Spain that July for a final meeting with al Qaeda operatives on the Mediterranean coast.

The hijackers took several "surveillance" flights to Las Vegas in the days leading up to the attacks. On the morning of September 11, Atta and fellow hijacker Abdulaziz al Omari departed Boston on American Airlines Flight 11 carrying 81 passengers. They were joined on their gruesome mission by Satam al Suqami, Wail al Shehri and Waleed al Shehri. Atta is believed to have been the pilot of the plane when it crashed into the World Trade Center at 8:46 a.m., killing everyone on board. Atta's plane had struck the World Trade Center's North Tower, killing "an unknown number of people" in the offices there on impact, according to the 9/11 Commission Report. A short time later, another plane struck the World Trade Center—this time hitting the South Tower. More than 2,700 people died in the attack on the World Trade Center in total.

One of Atta's bags did not make it onto Flight 11, leaving investigators few clues regarding the planning of the most deadly terror attack on American soil. One item found was a letter that spelled out the steps to be taken before the attack, showing how meticulously Atta had planned this horrifying event.

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