- NAME: Maximilien de Robespierre
- OCCUPATION: Philosopher, Scholar, Activist, Lawyer, Judge, Journalist, Government Official
- BIRTH DATE: May 06, 1758
- DEATH DATE: July 28, 1794
- EDUCATION: College of the Oratorians at Arras, College of Louis-le-Grand in Paris
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Arras, France
- PLACE OF DEATH: Paris, France
Best Known For
Maximilien de Robespierre was an official during the French Revolution and one of the principal architects of the Reign of Terror.
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Maximilien de Robespierre was on born May 6, 1758 in Arras, France. He was a radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. In the latter months of 1793 he came to dominate the Committee of Public Safety, the principal organ of the Revolutionary government during the Reign of Terror, but in 1794 he was overthrown and guillotined in the Thermidorian Reaction.
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Whether by sword, axe or guillotine, death by beheading was historically considered the most humane form of death sentence—as long as the executioner was swift, strong and good at hitting his mark. While the practice was never legally supported in the United States, we do give the method a nod in this country whenever we use the term "capital punishment"; the word "capital" is derived from the Latin "capitalis," which translates to "of the head." Here are some of the most famous victims of this gruesome form of execution.
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