- NAME: Max Born
- OCCUPATION: Educator, Physicist
- BIRTH DATE: December 11, 1882
- DEATH DATE: January 05, 1970
- Did You Know?: Personally and professionally, Max Born had a long-running argument with Albert Einstein on whether or not "God" plays dice.
- Did You Know?: Max Born is the maternal grandfather of actress/singer Olivia Newton-John.
- EDUCATION: University of Wroclaw, University of Heidelberg, University of Zurich, University of Göttingen
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Breslau (now Wroc?aw, Poland), Germany
- PLACE OF DEATH: Göttingen, Germany
Best Known For
German-born physicist Max Born, noted for his mathematical analysis of how subatomic particles behave, shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1954.
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But in 1933, when Adolph Hitler rose to power in Germany, Born, who was Jewish, was stripped of his credentials and forced to emigrate to England. After a brief stint at Cambridge, he was appointed Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, where he spent the remainder of his career. He retired in 1953, and in 1954 was awarded the Nobel Prize, shared with Walther Bothe, for his contributions to theoretical physics.
Max Born died on January 5, 1970, in Göttingen, Germany. He and his wife had returned to Germany in 1954, after his retirement, moving to the spa town of Bad Pyrmont. He had been deeply affected by the detonation of the atomic bomb, speaking out against the dangers of nuclear weapons, and signing the "Göttingen Eighteen," a declaration by eminent scientists protesting the possible arming of the West German military with nuclear weapons.
Among Born's achievements was the first mathematically precise statement of the First Law of Thermodynamics. There is a Max Born Institute and a Max Born Award from the Optical Society. Gustav Born donated his father's letters to illuminate his scientific life, and Max Born's life and concerns are detailed in the biography The End of a Certain World.
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