- NAME: Mark Antony
- OCCUPATION: General
- BIRTH DATE: 83 BCE
- DEATH DATE: 30 BCE
- Did You Know?: Mark Antony married his rival, Octavian's sister, Octavia.
- EDUCATION: Roman and Athenian schools
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Rome
- PLACE OF DEATH: Alexandria, Egypt
- Full Name: Mark Antony
- Originally: Marcus Antonius
- AKA: Marc Antony
Best Known For
Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony) is best known as the Roman general who was a lover of Cleopatra. The two committed suicide after their defeat by Octavian.
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By the end of 33 B.C., the Second Triumvirate had ended, as prescribed by law, and tensions between Mark Antony and Octavian had reached a climax. A propaganda war enveloped Rome, with Antony accusing Octavian of being a usurper, forging evidence of his adoption by Caesar and Octavian accusing Antony of low morals for leaving his wife for Cleopatra. The situation escalated into a military war, with the two generals meeting at Actium, Greece, on September 2, 31 B.C. In a confused battle,
Antony's fleet was defeated and he fled back to Cleopatra in Egypt. As Octavian's forces entered Alexandria, the distraught Antony committed suicide by his own sword. Cleopatra followed him in death after Octavian's forces had captured Egypt.
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After Caesar's assassination, Cleopatra set her sights on the dashing Roman general Mark Antony. The two began an affair, resulting in twins in 40 B.C. Antony wed Cleopatra in 36 B.C., and appointed his new wife ruler of Egypt, Cyprus, Crete, and Cyria. This abuse of power so outraged the Roman Senate that they denounced him a traitor. After losing a major battle at sea, Antony and Cleopatra were forced to flee to Egypt in 31 B.C. In desperation, Cleopatra spread rumors of her own suicide. Antony, unaware of her plan, stabbed himself to death. When Cleopatra heard of this, she took her own life by inducing a poisonous snake to bite her.
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