- NAME: Maria Mitchell
- OCCUPATION: Educator, Astronomer
- BIRTH DATE: August 01, 1818
- DEATH DATE: June 28, 1889
- Did You Know?: Mitchell and her students witnessed Venus crossing the sun in 1882—only the sixth such event to occur since 1608.
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Nantucket, Massachusetts
- PLACE OF DEATH: Lynn, Massachusetts
Best Known For
Maria Mitchell is best known for being the first professional female astronomer in the United States. She discovered a new comet in 1847 that became known as "Miss Mitchell's Comet."
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In ill health, she retired from teaching at Vassar in 1888, and died on June 28, 1889. She is buried with family members at Prospect Hill Cemetery in Nantucket.
In honor of the first female astronomer, the observatory in Nantucket was named the Maria Mitchell Observatory. Additionally, the Maria Mitchell Association, also in Nantucket; a World War II ship,
the SS Maria Mitchell; and a crater on the moon ("Mitchell's Crater") were named after her.
Mitchell was posthumously inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1994.
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