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Louis Brandeis was the first Jew to sit on the U.S. Supreme Court. His decisions affirmed individual liberty and privacy and opposed unchecked governmental power.
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California and Olmstead v. United States, he championed the public's right to privacy, and upheld laws that supported freedom of expression.
Late in his career, Brandeis addressed President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal propositions. Although he supported most New Deal legislation,
he repeatedly voted to limit presidential authority. In 1935 he agreed with more-conservative judges in a unanimous vote that declared the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional because it afforded the president "unfettered discretion" to pass laws in the name of economic recovery.
Brandeis retired in 1939.
In 1891. Brandeis married Alice Goldmark, with whom he had two daughters. He became a Zionist, believing that establishing a Jewish homeland was key to combating anti-Semitism.
Louis Brandeis died on October 5, 1941. Brandeis University is named in his honor.
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