- NAME: Le Corbusier
- OCCUPATION: Architect, Artist
- BIRTH DATE: October 06, 1887
- DEATH DATE: August 27, 1965
- EDUCATION: École des Arts Décoratifs at La Chaux-de-Fonds
- PLACE OF BIRTH: La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland
- PLACE OF DEATH: Cap Martin, France
- Full Name: Le Corbusier
- AKA: Charles Jeanneret-Gris
- Originally: Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris
Best Known For
Le Corbusier was a Swiss-born French architect who belonged to the first generation of the so-called International school of architecture.
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The interior featured the typical spatial contrast between open living space and cell-like bedrooms.
In an accompanying diagram to the design, the city in which Citrohan would rest featured green parks and gardens at the feet of clusters of skyscrapers, an idea that would come to define urban planning in years to come.
Soon Le Corbusier’s social ideals and structural design theories became a reality. In 1925-1926,
he built a workers’ city of 40 houses in the style of the Citrohan house at Pessac, near Bordeaux. Unfortunately, the chosen design and colors provoked hostility on the part of authorities, who refused to route the public water supply to the complex, and for six years the buildings sat uninhabited.
In the 1930s, Le Corbusier reformulated his theories on urbanism, publishing them in La Ville radieuse (The Radiant City) in 1935. The most apparent distinction between the Contemporary City and the Radiant City is that the latter abandoned the class-based system of the former, with housing now assigned according to family size, not economic position.
The Radiant City brought with it some controversy, as all Le Corbusier projects seemed to. In describing Stockholm, for instance, a classically rendered city, Le Corbusier saw only “frightening chaos and saddening monotony.” He dreamed of “cleaning and purging” the city with “a calm and powerful architecture”; that is, steel, plate glass and reinforced concrete, what many observers might see as a modern blight applied to the beautiful city.
At the end of the 1930s and through the end of World War II, Le Corbusier kept busy with creating such famous projects as the proposed master plans for the cities of Algiers and Buenos Aires, and using government connections to implement his ideas for eventual reconstruction, all to no avail.
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