- NAME: Lady Bird Johnson
- OCCUPATION: Women's Rights Activist, U.S. First Lady
- BIRTH DATE: December 22, 1912
- DEATH DATE: July 11, 2007
- EDUCATION: University of Texas at Austin
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Karnack, Texas
- PLACE OF DEATH: West Lake Hills, Texas
- Maiden Name: Claudia Alta Taylor
- Full Name: Claudia Alta Johnson
- AKA: Claudia Taylor
- AKA: Claudia Johnson
Best Known For
The wife of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, Lady Bird Johnson served as first lady from 1963 to 1969.
Lady Bird Johnson addressed a crowd of architects in Portland, Oregon with a beautification and conservation plan for America.
Lady Bird Johnson holds a press conference to address conservation and highway beautification. She announces the release of four nature-themed postage stamps that will serve as messengers for her cause.
Lady Bird Johnson sits in the White House living room, which is where she feels most at home.
Lady Bird Johnson holds her first Doers Luncheon on crime prevention. Lady Bird invited women leaders from committees and commissions to discuss what can be done about crime.
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To me, it describes the whole effort to bring the natural world and the manmade world to harmony. To bring order, usefulness, delight to our whole environment. And that of course only begins with trees and flowers and landscaping."
Following the presidency, Lady Bird Johnson wrote the 800-page White House Diary, which detailed her husband's life including the aftermath of the Kennedy assassination. She also remained active in beautification projects. Her love for native wildflowers inspired her to create the National Wildflower Research Center in 1982, near Austin, Texas. It was renamed in her honor in 1998.
Lady Bird also remained outspoken on women's rights issues, calling the Equal Rights Amendment, "the right thing to do." She was honored with the country's highest civilian award, the Medal of Freedom in 1977, and was given the Congressional Gold Medal in 1988.
The widow of former President Lyndon B. Johnson suffered a stroke in 2002 that left her with difficulty speaking. She died on July 11, 2007, at the age of 94, in West Lake Hills, Texas.
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When the 19th Amendment was ratified, women were finally given the right to vote, and over the years many courageous women have stepped onto the national political stage as well. In 1916, Jeannette Rankin became the first woman elected to Congress and almost a century later Sonia Sotomayor became the first Latina woman to serve on the Supreme Court. And within the last two decades, the esteemable Hillary Clinton has served as First Lady, a New York senator and Secretary of State. These women, and many more, are setting the stage for the future of female leaders in Washington.
Visit Biography.com's Women's History group to explore more biographies, photos and videos of some the world's most fascinating women."
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