Kenneth Bancroft Clark
Kenneth Bancroft Clark was born on July 24, 1914 in the Panama Canal Zone. He was the first black president of the American Psychological Association. With his wife Mamie Phipps Clark, in 1946, he founded the Northside Center for Child Development and published a report that unmasked the psychological effects of school segregation and which was prominently cited in Brown v. Board of Education.
Psychologist and educator, Kenneth Bancroft Clark was born on July 24, 1914 in the Panama Canal Zone. Emigrating to New York City with his mother (1919), he studied at Howard University (1935) and Columbia University where he earned a PhD in psychology (1940). He was the first black president of the American Psychological Association.
Clark was also the first African-American to become a fully tenured professor at the City College of New York. He aided Gunnar Myrdal with his monumental study of America's racial problems. With his wife Mamie Phipps Clark, in 1946, the couple founded the Northside Center for Child Development to work with ghetto children, and published a report (1950) that unmasked the psychological effects of racial segregation in schools. The report was prominently cited in the 1954 Supreme Court ruling, Brown v. Board of Education, that outlawed segregation nationwide.
Kenneth Bancroft Clark helped found Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited, served as a consultant to private and government bodies, was named the first black member of the New York State Board of Regents (1966), and founded Kenneth B. Clark & Associates (1986), a consulting firm for racially related issues. Besides Dark Ghetto (1965) he published many books and articles on the condition of African-Americans such as Prejudice and Your Child, A Possible Reality, and Pathos of Power. Clark passed away on May 1, 2005.
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