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German philosopher and revolutionary socialist Karl Marx published The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, anticapitalist works that form the basis of Marxism.
Karl Marx - Mini Biography (3:44)
Raul Castro - Mini Biography (3:30)
Che Guevara - Mini Biography (3:53)
Karl Marx began exploring sociopolitical theories at university among the Young Hegelians. In 1848, he published The Communist Manifesto with Friedrich Engels and was exiled to London, where he wrote the first volume of Das Kapital.
Born in 1931, near Birán, Cuba, Raul Castro assisted his brother, Fidel Castro, during most of his life. Once Fidel assumed power, Raul became head of the armed forces and served as Cuba's defense minister. Raul became president in 2008.
Born in Argentina on in 1928, Che Guevara traveled to South America during his youth, a trip that spurred his Marxist beliefs. He aided Fidel Castro in overturning the Cuban government.
Born in 1879, Leon Trotsky waged Russia's 1917 revolution alongside Vladimir Lenin. As commissar of war, he helped defeat forces opposed to Bolshevik control. He engaged in a power struggle against Joseph Stalin which led to his death.
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The remaining two volumes were assembled and published posthumously by Engels.
Marx died of pleurisy in London on March 14, 1883. While his original grave had only a nondescript stone, the Communist Party of Great Britain erected a large tombstone, including a bust of Marx, in 1954. The stone is etched with the last line of The Communist Manifesto (“Workers of all lands unite”), as well as a quote from the Theses on Feuerbach.
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The Chaplin. The Fu Manchu. The Van Dyke. The Garlbaldi. These beards, and other creative variations on chin whiskers, have become such a striking reflection of their wearers' personalities that it becomes hard to know whether the people made the facial hair famous, or the other way around. We do know this much is certain: the only rivals to these fabulous beards are the men sporting them.
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