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Immunologist and pathologist Karl Landsteiner received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the major blood types.
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Karl Landsteiner was born June 14, 1868 in Vienna, Austria. In 1897 he pursued his interest in the emerging field of immunology and in 1901 published his discovery of the human ABO blood group system. He won the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the major blood groups and the development of the ABO system of blood typing that has enabled blood transfusions.
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