Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin
Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on August 31, 1842. At the age of 16 she married George Ruffin, and the couple soon became active in the abolitionist movement. After her husband's death, Josephine would continue her social activism through the formation of numerous associations, including the Women's New Era Club and the Massachusetts School Suffrage Association. She died on March 13, 1924.
Born on August 31, 1842, in Boston, Massachusetts, Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin spent much of her life fighting against racial and gender discrimination. Her father was of African descent, and her mother came from a white English background. Ruffin's family was a part of Boston society.
In 1858, Josephine married George L. Ruffin, a pioneering African American lawyer. George was one of the first African Americans to graduate from Harvard Law School. He also became one of the state's first black judges. Josephine and George had five children together—four of them lived to adulthood. The couple was active in the abolitionist movement and counted such activists as William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass among their friends.
Ruffin spent the rest of her life working for the causes she believed in. She died of nephritis, a kidney infection, on March 13, 1924, in Boston, Massachusetts.
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