- NAME: Johann Christian Bach
- OCCUPATION: Songwriter
- BIRTH DATE: September 05, 1735
- DEATH DATE: January 01, 1782
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Leipzig, Germany
- PLACE OF DEATH: London, England, United Kingdom
- Full Name: Johann Christian Bach
- AKA: J.C. Bach
- Nickname: English Bach
- Nickname: London Bach
- Nickname: Milan Bach
- Nickname: Saxon Master of Music
- AKA: John Bach
Best Known For
Johann Christian Bach was a galant-style German composer of Italian opera during the early Classical period, and the youngest son of famed Baroque composer Johann Sebastian Bach.
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He became known for popularizing the galant style of music, a return to more classical aspects after the lavish Baroque period. By this time, Johann Christian Bach had become one of the most popular composers in England during the 18th century.
Bach met Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1764, when Mozart was just 8 years old,
following a performance by the child musical prodigy at the English court. The two musicians became fast friends. Mozart would later cite Bach as an instrumental influence in his work. Also in 1764, Bach joined forces with his childhood friend, musician and composer Carl Friedrich Abel. Together, Bach and Abel developed a series of public concerts—aptly called the Bach-Abel Concerts—consisting of 10-15 shows performed at the same time every week. Their concert series, which ran until 1782, established the classical concert series format that is still largely used today.
As Bach's work gradually fell out of style in London, he kept performing, mainly for free and at benefit concerts. Near the end of his life, Bach went broke when his housekeeper ran off with most of his money.
With more than 90 symphonies to his name, Johann Christian Bach died in debt on January 1, 1782, in London, England. Mostly forgotten by the Londoners who had once lauded him, he was buried in a mass grave at the St. Pancras churchyard in Somers Town, central London. Today, Johann Christian Bach is one of the highest regarded composers in history.
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