Born on October 28, 1974, in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Joaquin Phoenix followed the footsteps of his brother, River Phoenix, into Hollywood fame as an actor, starring in such films as Gladiator and Walk the Line, for which he won a Golden Globe and an Oscar nomination. In 2009, Phoenix said he was retiring to work on his rap music, leaving fans to wonder what the future held for the actor, but his admission was later discovered to be a prank.
Actor Joaquin Phoenix was born Joaquin Rafael Phoenix in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on October 28, 1974. As the son of the missionaries for the Children of God religious group, Phoenix moved frequently with his family during his early life. His parents, John and Arlyn Bottom, completed stints in Central and South America before becoming disillusioned with Children of God. After they left the group, the family took the new surname Phoenix, which was symbolic of their new life.
Moving to Los Angeles around the age of four, Joaquin and his siblings—older brother River, older sister Rain, and younger sisters Liberty and Summer—soon tried to make their way in Hollywood. The Phoenix children already liked to put on shows for each other before their mother found an agent to represent them. "We all used to sing and play music, and we were all very outgoing. My parents always encouraged us to express ourselves. And so it seemed like second nature to start acting," Phoenix explained to Interview magazine.
The first breakout star was River, who landed a role on the short-lived television series Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, which aired from 1982 to 1983. Through his brother, Joaquin made a guest appearance on the show when he was 8 years old, which led to other small television parts on such shows as The Fall Guy, Hill Street Blues, and Murder, She Wrote. He even appeared with River in an ABC Afterschool Special about dyslexia; the two played brothers. At the time, Joaquin was using the name Leaf, which he had chosen for himself when he was six years old. He returned to using his birth name around the age of 16.
Making his film debut in 1986, Phoenix had a supporting role as a wannabe astronaut in the kids adventure movie SpaceCamp. He also tried his hand at primetime drama with Morningstar/Eveningstar, a story of homeless children who find shelter at a facility for senior citizens. Unfortunately, this meeting of the young and old only lasted a few episodes before being canceled.
Remarkably, one of his biggest breaks came when Phoenix left Hollywood. He had moved to Florida, when he landed a role in the Ron Howard-directed comedy Parenthood (1989). In the film, Phoenix gave an impressive performance as the rebellious son of Dianne Wiest. After this success Phoenix, who was then only 15 years old, decided to put his career on hold to travel on his own through Latin America. While he avoided Hollywood, his brother River stood in the spotlight, becoming one of the leading young actors at the time.
In 1993, tragedy forced Phoenix back into the public eye. He was with his famous brother, River, partying at the Viper Room nightclub. Outside the club, River collapsed and began having convulsions. Joaquin phoned for help, and paramedics arrived to resuscitate River. Their efforts failed, however, and River was taken to the hospital where he was pronounced dead in the early hours of October 31. Later, Joaquin's anguished 911 call was played and replayed by the media, only compounding his grief.
Returning to acting, Phoenix played an alienated underachieving teen who is seduced by a success-hungry news reporter (Nicole Kidman) in Gus Van Sant's To Die For (1995). A wave of films soon followed. In the romantic drama Inventing the Abbotts (1997), he was paired up on screen with Liv Tyler. That coupling evolved into an off-screen relationship. Phoenix worked with director Oliver Stone on the neo-noir thriller U-Turn (1997). Despite having a strong cast, which included Sean Penn and Claire Danes, the film was a box office dud. The following year, Phoenix earned raves for his performance as an American imprisoned in Malaysia on drug charges and facing the death penalty in Return to Paradise (1998). Vince Vaughn and David Conrad co-star as his two friends who must decide whether to return there and help remedy the situation by acknowledging their roles in the crime. Another pairing with Vaughn, Clay Pigeons (1998), failed to attract much notice from critics or movie-goers.
In 2000, Phoenix nearly stole the Roman epic Gladiator from its star Russell Crowe with his turn as the twisted, jealous emperor Commodus. His work in this summer blockbuster, directed by Ridley Scott, netted him nominations for many of the acting profession's most prestigious awards, including his first Academy Award nod. That same year, Phoenix continued to demonstrate his range as a performer, playing a slick operator in The Yards (2000) opposite Mark Wahlberg. He tackled another historical tale, this one set in 18th century France. In Quills, Phoenix portrayed Abbe Coulmier, a French religious official who oversaw the madhouse where the perverse writer Marquis de Sade was imprisoned.
Working with director M. Night Shyamalan for the first time, Phoenix had a supporting role as Mel Gibson's younger brother in the eerie thriller Signs (2002), which brought in more than $227 million at the box office. He took the lead for his next collaboration with Shyamalan, The Village (2004), playing a young man who puts his small community at risk by exploring the mysterious woods that surround his town. By this time, Phoenix had become known for his tendency to immerse himself completely in the lives of his characters. "He's acting on a different plane. He's almost superhuman," co-star Bryce Dallas Howard told The Record. That same year, Phoenix starred in the blockbuster action film Ladder 49 (2004) with John Travolta, Robert Patrick, and Balthazar Getty. Phoenix went through professional training to prepare for his role as a new firefighter, and the extra work made an impression on viewers; the film not only made more than $22 million in its opening week, it earned complimentary reviews from critics and fans.
Playing Johnny Cash
But Phoenix outdid himself in his next major role, undergoing even more extensive preparation to play one of country music's greatest stars, Johnny Cash, in Walk the Line (2005). Phoenix had to learn to sing and play the guitar like Cash for the role, which took nearly six months of lessons from the film's executive music producer, T-Bone Burnett. His co-star, Reese Witherspoon, went through her own rigorous musical training to sing like June Carter Cash, Johnny's wife.
To stay in character, Phoenix asked everyone on set to call him "JR" which was Cash's nickname. "I'm embarrassed about it now. But when I heard "Joaquin" it just didn't feel right" Phoenix explained to Entertainment Weekly. All of the hard work paid off. Widely praised by critics, the film and its stars netted numerous nominations and awards. Phoenix himself received his first Academy Award nomination in the Best Actor category and his first Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in Motion Picture (Musical or Comedy). Even the film's soundtrack, which featured vocals by Phoenix and Witherspoon, brought home the Grammy Award for Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.
Bringing the hard-living Cash to the big screen took its toll on the young actor. After filming ended, Phoenix went into rehab for issues related to alcohol. "There was a lot made of my going to rehab, and it seems very dramatic, but it wasn't like that," Phoenix told Time magazine. "I just became aware of my drinking as a tool to relax when I don't work. I basically went to a country club where they didn't serve alcohol."
In 2007, Joaquin Phoenix reunited with Mark Wahlberg for the gritty urban tale We Own the Night, in which they played brothers on opposite sides of the law. In Reservation Road, Phoenix starred as a father who loses his son in a hit-and-run accident. He also had a leading role in 2009's James Gray's independent drama Two Lovers with Gwyneth Paltrow.
In February 2009, Phoenix made headlines with his strange appearance on David Letterman's Late Show, leading fans to wonder about the actor's mental state. The interview, full of awkward pauses and low mumbling, encouraged Letterman to make several jokes about the actor's seeming lack of awareness. The actor briefly forgot the name of his Two Lovers co-star, Gwyneth Paltrow, stuck gum under Letterman's desk, and appeared to swear at bandleader Paul Shaffer for laughing at him during the show. Some have suggested this latest incident was a calculated stunt on Phoenix's part, but the actor says his behavior isn't a joke. "I have better things to do than just, like, (mess) around with people," he said. "This is my life and this is my work."
Around this same time Phoenix announced his retirement from acting and revealed plans to release a rap album. Fans speculated that this, too, was a publicity stunt, but the actor asserted that he had serious hopes for his new career. A viral video of Phoenix performing in Las Vegas began circulating around the web, but the poor quality of the clip only seemed to bolster the theory that Phoenix was performing an elaborate joke on his fans. His decision to become a hip hop artist was later chronicled in the 2010's so-called documentary I'm Still Here, which he made with Casey Affleck. Soon after its release, Affleck admitted to The New York Times that the documentary was a work of fiction.
Phoenix eventually decided to step in front of the cameras again, receiving impressive results. The Master (2012), his first film after his self-imposed hiatus, showed movie audiences just how talented a performer he is. In the film, he plays a young, alcoholic war veteran, Freddie Quell, who is lured into a quasi-religious cult led by charismatic Lancester Dodd (Philip Seymour Hoffman). Written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson, the film has received wide praise. Some say that Dodd's organization is based on the Church of Scientology.
Continuing to land interesting new projects, Phoenix worked with director Spike Jonze on Her with Olivia Wilde, Amy Adams and Rooney Mara. He also appeared in The Immigrant with Jeremy Renner and Marion Cotillard and re-teamed with Anderson for Inherent Vice, for which Phoenix received a Golden Globe nomination.
In 2015 the actor appeared in Woody Allen's Irrational Man, which received mixed and favorable reviews.
Outside of acting, Phoenix supports a number of causes. He serves on the board of the Lunchbox Fund, which provides healthy meals to children in need. A lifelong vegan, Phoenix has served as a spokesperson for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals for several years. He has also been active in the Peace Alliance, which seeks to create "a cabinet-level U.S. Department of Peace" according to its Web site.
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