- NAME: J.B.S. Haldane
- OCCUPATION: Academic, Geneticist, Academic Author
- BIRTH DATE: November 05, 1892
- DEATH DATE: December 01, 1964
- EDUCATION: Eton College, University of Oxford, New College
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Oxford, England, United Kingdom
- PLACE OF DEATH: Bhubaneswar, India
- Full Name: John Burdon Sanderson Haldane
- AKA: John Haldane
- AKA: J.B.S. Haldane
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British scientist J.B.S. Haldane was recognized for contributions to various fields, from research on genetics and population growth to a cure for tetanus.
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British scientist J.B.S. Haldane was born John Burdon Sanderson Haldane in Oxford, England, on November 5, 1892. After studying at the University of Oxford and serving in World War I, Haldane began a prolific and varied career as a geneticist, biochemist, professor and writer. His work in population genetics, which applied mathematical systems to the combined work of Charles Darwin and Gregor Mendel,
"I have no doubt that in reality the future will be vastly more surprising than anything I can imagine."
"The Creator would appear as endowed with a passion for stars, on the one hand, and for beetles on the other, for the simple reason that there are nearly 300,000 species of beetle known, and perhaps more."
was particularly influential. Haldane spent his later career in India, where he died in Bhubaneswar on December 1, 1964.
John Burdon Sanderson Haldane was born in Oxford, England, on November 5, 1892. His father, John Scott Haldane, was a well-known physiologist who did groundbreaking research on human respiration. As early as the age of 8, a young Haldane was assisting his father with experiments; as a young man, he was his father's scientific collaborator.
Haldane was educated first at Eton College and then at New College, part of the University of Oxford, from which he graduated in 1914 with a degree in mathematics, classics and philosophy. From 1914 to 1919, he served as a military officer in World War I, fighting in France and then in Mespotamia (present-day Iraq).
After a brief time as a fellow at New College, from 1922 to 1932, J.B.S. Haldane taught at the University of Cambridge. This position was followed by a year at the University of California, Berkeley. Haldane moved to London in 1933 to teach at the University of London, where he remained until 1957 and became chair of the genetics faculty.
Haldane was known for his wide range of scientific interests and accomplishments. He made valuable contributions to the fields of biology, biochemistry and genetics, occasionally using himself as a subject in his own experiments. He developed a treatment for tetanus and, from 1939 to 1945, conducted research for the British Navy and Air Force, including studies on the effects of mustard gas on the human body.
Haldane's major publications include Daedalus (1924); Enzymes (1930); Animal Biology, co-written with Julian Huxley (1930); and The Causes of Evolution (1932). Haldane also wrote about science for non-academic readers, conveying complex concepts with clarity and humor. Some of his popular essays were published in the anthology Possible Worlds in 1927. In the essay "On Being One's Own Rabbit," he described the experience of running tests on himself in lab experiments. In "On Being the Right Size," published in 1928, he explained the relative advantages and difficulties of size for survival in the natural world: "You can drop a mouse down a thousand-yard mine shaft; and on arriving at the bottom, it gets a slight shock and walks away. A rat would probably be killed, though it can fall safely from the eleventh story of a building; a man is killed, a horse splashes."
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