- NAME: Jane Addams
- OCCUPATION: Women's Rights Activist, Anti-War Activist, Philanthropist
- BIRTH DATE: September 06, 1860
- DEATH DATE: May 21, 1935
- Did You Know?: Jane Addams became the first female president of the National Conference of Charities and Corrections, later known as the National Conference of Social Work.
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Cedarville, Illinois
- PLACE OF DEATH: Chicago, Illinois
- Full Name: Laura Jane Addams
- AKA: Jane Addams
Best Known For
Jane Addams co-founded one of the first settlements in the United States, the Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, and was named a co-winner of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize.
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Along with Emily Greene Balch and Alice Hamilton, she attended the International Congress of Women at The Hague in the Netherlands in 1915. These three social reformers and peace activists worked together on a special report, Women at The Hague: The International Congress of Women and Its Results, which was published that same year.
As part of her commitment to finding an end to war,
Addams served as president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom from 1919 to 1929. For her efforts, she shared the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize with Nicholas Murray Butler, an educator and presidential advisor.
While often troubled by health problems in her youth, Jane Addams's health began to seriously decline after a heart attack in 1926. She died on May 21, 1935, at the age of 74, in Chicago, Illinois. Today, Addams is remembered not only as a pioneer in the field of social work, but as one of the nation's leading pacifists.
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When Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel died in 1896, he left his fortune to create an annual series of prizes for the individuals who confer "the greatest benefit on mankind." The most prestigious of the awards is the Nobel Peace Prize. Historians believe Alfred Nobel wanted to award people who work for peace to compensate for his own role in inventing dynamite. Since its establishment, the prize has gone to many courageous individuals who have fought for peace and human rights around the world.
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