- NAME: James Parkinson
- OCCUPATION: Activist, Doctor, Geologist, Neurologist
- BIRTH DATE: April 11, 1755
- DEATH DATE: December 21, 1824
- EDUCATION: London Hospital Medical College
- PLACE OF BIRTH: London, England, United Kingdom
- PLACE OF DEATH: London, England, United Kingdom
- Nickname: "Old Hubert"
- Full Name: James Parkinson
Best Known For
English born, English bred, forgotten by the English and the world, James Parkinson identified the "shaking palsy" as a disease of the central nervous system.
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Four decades later, French physician Jean-Martin Charcot attached Parkinson's name to the syndrome.
A Renaissance man in the age of Enlightenment, Parkinson's interests gradually turned from medicine to geology. This avocation allowed him to make short trips with friends and family to collect and observe fossils of plants and animals. Fifty years before Charles Darwin, Parkinson engaged in the debate over science and religion's explanation of creation. Though he acknowledged that creation of life had taken a long time, he believed it had proceeded along in an orderly fashion guided by the hand of God. To reconcile the concept of geological time with theology, he adopted the notion that each day of creation represented a long period of time.
Parkinson died on December 21, 1824, at age 69, after a severe stroke.
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