- NAME: James J. Hill
- OCCUPATION: Entrepreneur
- BIRTH DATE: September 16, 1838
- DEATH DATE: May 29, 1916
- Did You Know?: James Hill added his own middle name, Jerome, in 1854.
- EDUCATION: Rockwood Academy
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Ontario, Canada
- PLACE OF DEATH: St. Paul, Minnesota
- Nickname: "The Empire Builder"
- Full Name: James Jerome Hill
- AKA: James Hill
- AKA: James J. Hill
Best Known For
James J. Hill was a railroad magnate responsible for greatly expanding railways into the U.S. Northwest during the late 19th century.
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The rivalry ultimately caused a stock market panic in 1901, and the two joined forces, but the alliance was dissolved a few years later, prompted by President Theodore Roosevelt and the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Hill passed the business on to his son in 1907, but reported to work every day until a week before he died.
James J. Hill died at his home in St. Paul, Minnesota, on May 29, 1916. He had married Mary Theresa Mehegan in 1846 and they had had 10 children.
He had also populated the region of the Pacific Northwest with thriving communities, many of them Scandinavian immigrants who had availed themselves of Hill's $10 transportation policy, to help settle the area and expand the region's economic development. His reputation for high standards and hard work had earned him the moniker "The Empire Builder," with the governor of Minnesota dubbing him "the greatest constructive genius of the Northwest."
Hill's discerning taste in art can be sampled at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. His business acumen is manifested at the James J. Hill Reference Library, an idea he nursed back in 1887, which has been helping aspiring entrepreneurs form a practical "business strategy" since 1921.
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