- NAME: Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
- OCCUPATION: Physiologist
- BIRTH DATE: September 14, 1849
- DEATH DATE: February 27, 1936
- Did You Know?: A dying Ivan Pavlov asked one of his students to sit by his bed to record observations of his final days.
- EDUCATION: University of St. Petersburg, Imperial Medical Academy
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Ryazan, Russia
- PLACE OF DEATH: Leningrad, Russia
- AKA: Pavlov
- Full Name: Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
Best Known For
Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov developed his concept of the conditioned reflex through a famous study with dogs and won a Nobel Prize Award in 1904.
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Although he was notably dismissive of psychology as a pseudo-science, his research helped lay the groundwork of several important concepts in the then-nascent discipline.
Pavlov openly decried the war-torn conditions of his country after the Russian Revolution of 1917. He toed a dangerous line with his criticism of Communism after visits to the United States in the 1920s,
though he escaped prosecution due to his standing as one of Russia's preeminent scientists. Pavlov softened his tone in the last years of his life, perhaps due to increased government support of scientific research. He remained devoted to his lab work until his death from double pneumonia on February 27, 1936, in Leningrad.
In 1881, Pavlov married pedagogical student Seraphima Vasilievna Karchevskaya. The couple had virtually no money in their early years together, and often lived separately until their finances stabilized. Their first son died suddenly as a young child, but they proceeded to have three more sons and a daughter.
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