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Issac Hayes was an American musician. His hit song "Soul Man" and the musical score for the 1971 film Shaft are legendary contributions to modern music.
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Born in Tennessee in 1942, Issac Hayes was a musician and actor. His hit song "Soul Man" and his score for the 1971 film Shaft are legendary contributions to modern music. The "Theme from Shaft" received the Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1972, making him one of the first African-Americans to win an Oscar. He also voiced the character "Chef" for the TV series South Park.
Singer and songwriter Isaac Lee Hayes, Jr. was born August 20, 1942, in a tin shack in Covington, Tennessee, about 40 miles north of Memphis. After his mother died and his father left, he was raised by his maternal grandparents. The family moved to Memphis when he was 6. He never forgot his humble beginnings with his sharecropper family. At the height of his fame, Hayes bought an estate in East Memphis overlooking the same cotton fields where he grew up. Hayes began singing in church at age five and in high school caught the attention of a guidance counselor who persuaded him to enter a talent show. He won it singing Nat King Cole's "Looking Back." "When I finished, the house was on its feet, man, and I was a hit ... So I started pursuing music big time," Hayes said on his official website.
Hayes played saxophone and piano in high school and performed in "doo-wop" and jazz bands. After graduating in 1962, he turned down seven college scholarships for music, and instead landed a job playing piano with saxophonist Floyd Newman's band in West Arkansas. Newman was a staff musician at Memphis's Stax Records recording studio and Hayes eventually found work there playing keyboards. He worked with some of Rhythm and Blues biggest names at the time, including Otis Redding, Booker T & the MGs, The Bary-Kays and Rufus Thomas, playing a key role in creating what became known as the Memphis Sound. Hayes also wrote some 200 songs with David Porter, including "Soul Man" for Sam and Dave. The song was inspired television coverage of the 12 Street Detroit Riot, which indicated that African-American owned and operated institutions were marked with the word "soul" so that rioters would not destroy them.
His career took off in 1969 with the landmark Hot Buttered Soul album, which included rap-vocals and longer songs, including an 18-minute version of Jimmy Webb's "By The Time I Get to Phoenix." The album topped the Billboard R&B chart for 10 weeks and forced the music industry to conceive of soul music as an album art form. At the time of emerging Black Power and with the death of Martin Luther King as a conscience building experience, Hayes transformed his image into a revolutionary statement, dressing in black leather, draping his bare chest in rows of gold chains and shaving his head completely. Next came his career-defining soundtrack for the 1971 movie Shaft, for which Hayes picked up an Oscar, three Grammy awards and a Golden Globe award. Hayes began acting in scores of movies and television series.
His guest star appearances included TV shows The Rockford Files, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air and Miami Vice.
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