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Hermann Rorschach was a Swiss psychoanalyst who created the controversial Rorschach Inkblot Test to measure social behavior.
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In 1921, Rorschach introduced his findings in a book entitled Psychodiagnostics.
On April 2, 1922, Hermann Rorschach died unexpectedly of peritonitis, in Herisau, Switzerland. He was just 37 years old. In addition to a wife and two children, Rorschach left behind the long-standing legacy of his inkblot test.
German psychologist Bruno Klopfer soon picked up where Rorschach left off, improving the test's scoring system and popularizing projective personality tests.
In the 1960s, Rorschach's inkblot test was the most prominently used projective test in the United States; it ranked eighth in the list of tests used in U.S. outpatient mental health care.
While controversial and criticized for its shortcomings, the test is still widely used in jails, hospitals, courtrooms and schools -- primarily to establish parental custody rights, determine parole eligibility and assess children's emotional issues.
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