- NAME: Hannibal
- OCCUPATION: General, Warrior
- BIRTH DATE: c. 247 BCE
- DEATH DATE: c. 183 BCE
- Did You Know?: Hannibal was a politician after his defeat in the Second Punic War, and then later became a military adviser.
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Carthage (present-day Tunisia), Tunisia
- PLACE OF DEATH: Libyssa (present-day Gebze, Turkey), Turkey
- Full Name: Hannibal Barca
- AKA: Hannibal
Best Known For
Hannibal was known for leading the Carthaginian army and a team of elephants across southern Europe and the Alps Mountains against Rome in the Second Punic War.
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Hannibal's army was scattered and many of his soldiers were gradually hunted down and killed by the Romans.
The Roman terms for peace were extremely harsh on the Carthaginians, severely reducing their military and extracting large reparations. After being elected a chief magistrate, Hannibal spent the next several years in Carthaginian politics. During this time, he instituted elections for military judges and changed terms of office from life to two-years.
However, the Romans eventually became concerned about Hannibal's growing power and in 195 B.C. demanded that he retire from office. Hannibal moved to Ephesus (Turkey) and became a military adviser. In 190 B.C., he was placed in command of a Seleucid (Greek) Empire fleet and engaged in war with Rome's ally Pergamon. Hannibal's army was defeated, and he fled to Bithynia. The Romans demanded he be turned over to them, but he was determined not to fall into enemy hands and fled. In approximately 183 B.C., at Libyssa, near the Bosporus Straits, Hannibal took his own life by ingesting a vial of poison.
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