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Gustave Eiffel was a French engineer who designed and oversaw construction of the Eiffel Tower in 1889.
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The tower also directed Eiffel's interest to the field of aerodynamics, and he used the structure for several experiments and built the first aerodynamic laboratory at its base (later moving the lab to the outskirts of Paris). The lab included the first wind tunnel ever built, and his work there influenced some of the first aviators, including the Wright brothers. He went on to write several books on aerodynamics,
most notably Resistance of the Air and Aviation.
Eiffel turned his interest to meteorology in his final years, studying the subject at length before dying on December 27, 1923.
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With its natural splendor and key geographic location, France has forever been the destination of marauding hordes—whether they be sword-wielding barbarians or camera-toting tourists. However, these Frenchmen and Frenchwomen have extended their influence outward, beyond the borders of the Hexagone, through art, invention and philosophy. C'etait magnifique, or, as deemed by the aforementioned title, fantastically French.
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