- NAME: Guion S. Bluford
- OCCUPATION: Astronaut, Pilot, Scientist
- BIRTH DATE: November 22, 1942 (Age: 71)
- EDUCATION: Pennsylvania State University, Air Force Institute of Technology, U.S. Air Force Reserve Officers' Training Corps
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Nickname: Guy
- Full Name: Guion Stewart Bluford Jr.
- AKA: Guion S. Bluford
- AKA: Dr. Guion Stewart Bluford
- AKA: Dr. Guion S. Bluford
- AKA: Dr. Guion Bluford
- ZODIAC SIGN: Sagittarius
Best Known For
Bluford became the first African American to travel in space in 1983, as a mission specialist aboard the space shuttle Challenger.
Think you know about Biography?
Answer questions and see how you rank against other players.Play Now
Guion S. Bluford was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on November 22, 1942. Bluford became the first African American to travel in space in 1983, as a mission specialist aboard the space shuttle Challenger. He later participated in three other missions. His career began as a pilot in the U.S. Air Force, flying 144 missions during the Vietnam War, before becoming a NASA astronaut in 1979.
"I felt an awesome responsibility, and I took the responsibility very seriously, of being a role model and opening another door to black Americans, but the important thing is not that I am black, but that I did a good job as a scientist and an astronaut."
"I've come to appreciate the planet we live on. It's a small ball in a large universe. It's a very fragile ball but also very beautiful. You don't recognize that until you see it from a little farther off."
"There will be black astronauts flying in later missions ... and they, too, will be people who excel, not simply who are black ... who can ably represent their people, their communities, their country."
Guion Stewart Bluford Jr. was born on November 22, 1942, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Bluford studied aerospace engineering at Pennsylvania State University, graduating in 1964. A distinguished U.S. Air Force Reserve Officers' Training Corps member in college, he joined the U.S. Air Force and served in the Vietnam War. Flying more than 140 combat missions, he won several medals, including the Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm.
After the war, Bluford enrolled at the Air Force Institute of Technology, where he received a master's degree in aerospace engineering in 1974. He went on to earn a Ph.D. in the same subject in 1978, the same year that he was picked for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's space program.
Guion S. Bluford made history on August 30, 1983, when he became the first African American to experience space travel. Bluford was a mission specialist aboard the space shuttle Challenger, which took off from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. He conducted several experiments during the mission, which included 98 Earth orbits in 145 hours and ended on September 5, 1983, when the spacecraft landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
Bluford later joined crews of three other space missions: He boarded Challenger again in October 1985 for a mission that included 111 Earth orbits in 169 hours and concluded the following month, when Challenger returned to Edwards Air Force Base. His last two missions, in 1991 and 1992, were both completed aboard the orbiter Discovery.
© 2013 A+E Networks. All rights reserved.
profile name: Guion S. Bluford profile occupation:
Sign in with Facebook to see how you and your friends are connected to famous icons.
Your Friends' Connections
Included In These Groups
When it comes to famous black scientists, George Washington Carver, Mae C. Jemison, and Neil Degrasse Tyson probably come to mind. But do you know about Otis Boykin and how he's helped old hearts beat a little better? And how about Garrett Morgan, whose inventions have kept hair straighter, clothes fitter, and traffic more efficient? Learn more about these famous black scientists and more.
Famous Black Scientists 16 people in this group
Incorporated in 1910, the Boy Scouts of America was founded with the aim of instilling ethics and morals into the lives of young boys. A Scout is a "trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly, courteous, kind, obedient, cheerful, thrifty, brave, clean, and reverent," boy who, above all, strives to "be prepared" and "do his best." The highest order of these Boy Scouts are the Eagle Scouts, a rare group of young men who rise through the scouting ranks to earn 21 merit badges, serve for six months in a troop leadership position, and successfully complete a strict Eagle Scout board of review, among other requirements.
The first Eagle Scout to complete this training was 17-year-old Arthur R. Eldred, on September 2, 1912. Since then, more than 2 million Boy Scouts have earned the coveted rank. Here are some of the most famous of the honorable young men who made it to the top of the Boy Scouts program.
Eagle Scouts 26 people in this group
Famous Sagittarians 597 people in this group