- NAME: Grover Cleveland
- OCCUPATION: Lawyer, Governor, Mayor, U.S. President
- BIRTH DATE: March 18, 1837
- DEATH DATE: June 24, 1908
- EDUCATION: Fayetteville Academy, Clinton Liberal Academy
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Caldwell, New Jersey
- PLACE OF DEATH: Princeton, New Jersey
- Full Name: Stephen Grover Cleveland
- AKA: Grover Cleveland
- Nickname: Big Steve
- Nickname: Uncle Jumbo
Best Known For
The 22nd and 24th president, Grover Cleveland is the only POTUS to serve two nonconsecutive terms, as well as the first to be married in the White House.
J.P. Morgan - Panic of 1893 (3:50)
In 1884, after a new interest in the personal lives of politicians, it was believed that Grover Cleveland may have fathered a child out of wedlock.
Watch a short video about the second term of America's 22nd President Grover Cleveland.
Watch a short video about the first term of America's 22nd President Grover Cleveland.
As a result of the depression of 1893, the federal governments gold reserves had dropped to an incredibly low level. It was then that they decided to call in J.P. Morgan to help solve the crisis.
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Being less a presser of his own agenda than a monitor of Congress earned him yet another nickname: “guardian president.” He exercised his veto power 584 times—more than double the number cast by all previous presidents, and the highest number of any president except FDR, who had three terms.
Overall, Cleveland’s second term, 1893-97, was more fraught,
and saw him dealing with the Pullman strike and other outcroppings of the most severe depression the country had seen thus far. His hard line lost him the support of his party. After leaving office on March 4, 1897, he continued to weigh in on political issues, occasionally consulting with Theodore Roosevelt, but unlike TR, he was opposed to women’s suffrage, believing that sensible women didn’t want the vote.
Cleveland died of a heart attack on June 24, 1908, at the age of 71, at the family’s home in Princeton, New Jersey. The children were all away at the family country home in New Hampshire, but his wife Frances was at his bedside. Cleveland had been ill since the previous autumn, suffering from a weak heart and other ailments.
He was a hard worker, and idealistic, once saying, “I have tried so hard to do right.” Cleveland had an excellent memory, presenting his legal arguments extemporaneously. He was the only president to deliver his inaugural addresses without notes up to that point. He said, “Some day I will be better remembered,” but he is one of our lesser-known presidents.
An unusual aspect of his legacy: A body part of Grover Cleveland’s resides at the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia. It is his “secret tumor,” an epithelioma removed from the roof of his mouth during his second term.
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