A look at the hippie girls who gave unswerving loyalty and love to their crazed guru, Charles Manson. The group includes Susan Atkins, Leslie Van Houten, and Patricia Krenwinkel, who followed Manson's orders to commit mass murder, and Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, who later tried to assassinate President Ford.
The story of Chevie O'Brien Kehoe, who was taught to be a white supremacist by his father and then went on a crime and murder spree.
Is Wayne Williams the monster responsible for killing 29 African Americans between 1979 and 1981? Or did the prosecution in Williams' trial withhold evidence that white supremacists were responsible? This in-depth probe explores the continuing controversy over the infamous Atlanta child murders that shocked the nation. We'll hear from the prosecutors, the defense attorney, a mother of one of the victims, and Williams, who keeps fighting for a new trial after nearly two decades in prison.
Browse our collection of African-American civil rights activists who were pioneers in their industries, including Vernon Johns, Charles H. Houston, Madam C.J. Walker and John Mercer Langston. Explore full biographies, photo galleries, videos and more, only at Biography.com.
Browse our collection of African-American pioneers in education, including Ruby Bridges, the first African-American child to attend an all-white elementary school in the South; Henry Ossian Flipper; the first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point; Marie M. Daly, the first African-American woman to receive a Ph.D. in chemistry in the United States; Alexander Lucius Twilight, the first African American to graduate from a U.S. college; and Charlotte E. Ray, the first female African-American lawyer in the U.S. Explore full biographies, photo galleries, videos and more, only at Biography.com.
Browse our collection of African Americans who were firsts in the field of literature, including Maya Angelou, James Weldon Johnson, Gwendolyn Brooks, Alain LeRoy Locke, Octavia E. Butler, James Alan McPherson, Charlayne Hunter-Gault, Charles H. Houston and Frances E.W. Harper. Explore full biographies, photo galleries, videos and more, only at Biography.com.
African-Americans have a long history of activism in America, from fighting for the right to vote to pushing for integrated public spaces. Activists like Stokely Carmichael organized freedom rides, James Meredith fought to integrate blacks and whites at the University of Mississippi, and Rosa Parks instigated the Montgomery Bus Boycott. These protests were often legal and nonviolent, and made a powerful impact on civil rights in the United States. With the help of activists like these—and many others—the country slowly worked to acknowledge the basic rights and contributions of African-Americans. Activists outisde of the U.S. include Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela, who have fought against apartheid in South Africa. Learn more about the many black activists who fought against the odds in order to achieve equality.
"Power at its best is love implementing the demands of justice. Justice at its best is love correcting everything that stands against love." Stated by legendary civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., these words represent a basic human philosophy to which black history's greatest leaders have passionately subscribed. Learn more about the world's most revered civil rights activists, known for their fight against social injustices and lasting impact on the lives of black citizens, including Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, Nelson Mandela, Nina Simone, Mary McLeod Bethune, Lena Horne, Marva Collins, Rosa Parks, W.E.B. Du Bois, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr.