Famous People Born in 1856
Booker T. Washington
Educator, Civil Rights Activist / 1856 - 1915
Educator Booker T. Washington was one of the foremost African-American leaders of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, founding the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, now known as Tuskegee University.
Daniel Hale Williams
Surgeon / 1856 - 1931
Daniel Hale Williams was a physician who performed the first known open-heart surgery in the United States and who founded a hospital with an interracial staff.
Engineer, Inventor / 1856 - 1943Serbian-American inventor Nikola Telsa developed the alternating-current electrical system that's widely used today, and discovered the rotating magnetic field (the basis of most AC machinery).
Educator, U.S. President / 1856 - 1924
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th U.S. resident, led America through World War I and crafted the Versailles Treaty's "Fourteen Points," the last of which was creating a League of Nations to ensure world peace. Wilson also created the Federal Reserve and signed the 19th Amendment, allowing women to vote.
Granville T. Woods
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profile name: Booker T. Washington profile occupation: Educator, Civil Rights Activist
profile id: 9302400
profile name: Sigmund Freud profile occupation: Scholar, Psychiatrist
profile id: 9504443
profile name: Nikola Tesla profile occupation: Engineer, Inventor
profile id: 9532269
profile name: Daniel Hale Williams profile occupation: Surgeon
profile id: 9534272
profile name: Woodrow Wilson profile occupation: Educator, U.S. President
profile id: 9536481
profile name: Granville T. Woods profile occupation: Inventor
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Dance pioneers like Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers and Gene Kelly—remembered for his groundbreaking performance in 1952's Singin' in the Rain—truly set the stage for Hollywood's dance-film genre. John Travolta, Jennifer Beals, Patrick Swayze, Jennifer Grey and Natalie Portman are some of the performers who took up where Astaire, Rogers and Kelly left off, repopularizing dance on film for later generations. Biography.com's Famous Movie Dancers group examines the lives and careers of these high-stepping performers who will always be remembered for their unforgettable moves.
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They are the famous African-American writers who have fearlessly examined cultural stigmas, provided intimate life details, presented new ideas and created remarkable fiction through literary works. For their prophetic genius, these men and women have received Pulitzer Prizes, NAACP awards and even Nobel Prizes, among other honors. Our list of prominent African-American authors includes Toni Morrison, who has detailed the lives of black characters who struggle with identity amidst racism and hostility; Langston Hughes, a founder of the Harlem Renaissance; and Maya Angelou, who has eloquently chronicled various eras of her life through her autobiographies.
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