A look at the hippie girls who gave unswerving loyalty and love to their crazed guru, Charles Manson. The group includes Susan Atkins, Leslie Van Houten, and Patricia Krenwinkel, who followed Manson's orders to commit mass murder, and Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, who later tried to assassinate President Ford.
The story of Chevie O'Brien Kehoe, who was taught to be a white supremacist by his father and then went on a crime and murder spree.
Is Wayne Williams the monster responsible for killing 29 African Americans between 1979 and 1981? Or did the prosecution in Williams' trial withhold evidence that white supremacists were responsible? This in-depth probe explores the continuing controversy over the infamous Atlanta child murders that shocked the nation. We'll hear from the prosecutors, the defense attorney, a mother of one of the victims, and Williams, who keeps fighting for a new trial after nearly two decades in prison.
Among many firsts, Patricia Bath is the first African American to complete a residency in ophthalmology and the first African-American female doctor to receive a medical patent. She invented the Laserphaco Probe for cataract treatment in 1986.
In 1876, Edward Alexander Bouchet became the first African American to earn a doctorate degree in the United States.
The second black woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics, Evelyn Boyd Granville worked on important NASA space programs and became a longtime professor.
Marjorie Lee Browne was a prominent mathematician and educator who, in 1949, became only the third African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in her field.
Ben Carson overcame his troubled youth in inner-city Detroit to become a gifted neurosurgeon famous for his work separating conjoined twins.
Earnest Everett Just was an African-American biologist and educator best known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially in fertilization.
Frederick Jones was an inventor best known for the development of refrigeration equipment used to transport food and blood during World War II.
Mathematician Kelly Miller advanced the intellectual life of African Americans, earning several advanced degrees. He was the first black man to attend Johns Hopkins University.
Garrett Morgan blazed a trail for African-American inventors with his many patents, including those for a hair-straightening product, a breathing device, a revamped sewing machine and an improved traffic signal.
Madam C.J. Walker, born Sarah Breedlove, created specialized hair products for African-American hair and was the first American woman to become a millionaire through her own business.
James West is a U.S. inventor and professor who, in 1962, developed the electret transducer technology later used in 90 percent of contemporary microphones.
Daniel Hale Williams was a physician who performed the first known open-heart surgery in the United States and who founded a hospital with an interracial staff.