Best Known For
Grace Abbott is best known for her social activism on behalf of immigrants and children. She headed the Children's Bureau from 1921 to 1934.
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In addition to this effort, she also wrote extensively about child welfare and other social issues.
In 1934, Abbott left the Children's Bureau due to her declining health and returned to Chicago. She worked at the University of Chicago's School Service Administration as a professor of public welfare. In addition to her teaching, Abbott still managed to keep her hand in public policy. She helped draft the Social Security Act of 1935 and published her last book, The Child and the State, in 1938.
On June 19, 1939, Grace Abbott died at the home she shared with sister Edith in Chicago. Abbott never married nor had children. Instead she acted as "the foster mother to the nation's 43 million children" during much of her lifetime, according to the Nebraska State Historical Society.
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