- NAME: Gertrude Bell
- OCCUPATION: Archaeologist, Explorer, Political Leader, Writer
- BIRTH DATE: July 14, 1868
- DEATH DATE: July 12, 1926
- EDUCATION: Oxford University
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Durham, England, United Kingdom
- PLACE OF DEATH: Baghdad, Iraq
- Full Name: Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE
- Full Name: Gertrude Bell
- Originally: Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell
Best Known For
Gertrude Bell was a British writer, archaeologist and political officer best known for helping to establish modern Iraq after World War I.
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She pioneered the idea of retaining antiquities in their country of origin rather than transporting them to European centers of learning. The result of Bell's efforts was the National Museum of Iraq, which holds one of the world's greatest collections of Mesopotamian antiquities. The museum collections were damaged in the aftermath of the 2003 invasion by the United States.
After taking a fatal dose of sleeping pills, Gertrude Bell died on July 12, 1926, in the city of Baghdad,
Iraq. Her death has been interpreted as a suicide, given her persistent health problems and the recent death of her brother. She is buried in a British cemetery in Baghdad.
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