Best Known For
Georgia Gilmore was a midwife, cook and restaurateur who was also a civil rights activist, founding the fundraising group known as the Club From Nowhere.
In the 1950s, Georgia Gilmore organized The Club From Nowhere to sell food to help fund the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Martha Hawkins, the owner of Martha’s Place, discusses how she was inspired by Gilmore’s activism.
Think you know about Biography?
Answer questions and see how you rank against other players.Play Now
Born on February 5, 1920, Georgia Gilmore worked as a midwife and cook in Montgomery, Alabama and was prominently involved in the citywide bus boycotts inspired by Rosa Parks. Known for her meals, Gilmore started her own home-based restaurant and established the Club From Nowhere, which raised money via pastry sales for boycott transportation costs. She died in early March 1990.
"You cannot be afraid if you want to accomplish anything. You got to have the willing, the spirit and above all, you got to have the get-up."
"Well, you know, you can take things, and take things, and take things and you know we were dealing with a new generation. And they, this new generation had decided that they just had taken as much as they could."
"The maids, the cooks, they were the ones that really and truly kept the buses running. And after the maids and the cooks stopped riding the bus, well, the bus didn't have any need to run."
"Well, sometime I walked by myself and sometime I walked with different people and I began to enjoy walking because for so long I guess that I had, had this convenient ride and until I had forgot about how well it would be to walk."
"We discovered that we had a lot of white friends that we didn't realize that were interested in us, and the only reason that they couldn't let it be known in publicly before the boycott was because they thought that maybe they would be isolated from their white friends."
"We felt that we had accomplished something that no one ever thought would happen in the city of Montgomery. Being able to ride the bus and sit anyplace on the bus that you desire was something that hadn't ever happened before."
Born on February 5, 1920, Georgia Theresa Gilmore became one of the key players in the Civil Rights Movement during the 1950s Montgomery Bus Boycott in Alabama. Gilmore had worked as a nurse and midwife, also obtaining a position as a cook at National Lunch Company in Montgomery.
The protest was started by the African-American community after Rosa Parks chose not to give up her seat to white passengers on a bus, for which she was arrested. After coordination with E.D. Nixon of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the boycott was initiated on the day of Parks's trial—December 5, 1955—and lasted until December 20 of the following year.
The boycott was led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., a young pastor who worked in conjunction with fellow minister Ralph D. Abernathy to form the Montgomery Improvement Association. The citywide action involved a huge amount of volunteer coordination.
Gilmore actively participated in the boycott, walking to her destinations and fending off taunts from local youth. As told by a colleague, she was fired from her post at National Lunch after she testified in court about a driver. At King's personal suggestion, Gilmore then started up a restaurant in her own home, with long lines formed in wait for her sumptuous meals. Her spot was a haven where civil rights strategists knew they could meet safely and secretly.
Gimore also started the Club From Nowhere, which consisted of African-American women cooking cakes and pies and selling said goods to both black and white customers. The money received from the sales went to funding boycott transportation costs. Gilmore was the sole officer of the club, responsible for turning in funds at the weekly mass meetings held at Holt Street Church. A rival group sprung up as well-helmed by Inez Ricks—the Friendly Club—and the two engaged in friendly competition to see who could raise the most on a weekly basis.
A large woman nicknamed "Tiny" by King, Gilmore was known for her care, humor and a no-nonsense air who managed to pull off grand activism while raising a family. Describing herself in an Eye on the Prize interview as being "fiery" in temperament for much of her life, Gilmore found herself responding to the ideas on mindfulness offered by Dr. King.
"I didn't mind fighting you, I didn't care who you was, white or black, but listening at him I began to realize some of the things that my mother had taught me in the past," Gilmore said of King. "That you think twice before you do some things, because some things you do, you will regret it later.
profile name: Georgia Gilmore profile occupation:
Sign in with Facebook to see how you and your friends are connected to famous icons.
Your Friends' Connections
Included In These Groups
Famous Aquarians 598 people in this group
African-Americans have a long history of activism in America, from fighting for the right to vote to pushing for integrated public spaces. Activists like Stokely Carmichael organized freedom rides, James Meredith fought to integrate blacks and whites at the University of Mississippi, and Rosa Parks instigated the Montgomery Bus Boycott. These protests were often legal and nonviolent, and made a powerful impact on civil rights in the United States. With the help of activists like these—and many others—the country slowly worked to acknowledge the basic rights and contributions of African-Americans. Activists outisde of the U.S. include Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela, who have fought against apartheid in South Africa. Learn more about the many black activists who fought against the odds in order to achieve equality.
Famous Black Activists 160 people in this group
"Power at its best is love implementing the demands of justice. Justice at its best is love correcting everything that stands against love." Stated by legendary civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., these words represent a basic human philosophy to which black history's greatest leaders have passionately subscribed. Learn more about the world's most revered civil rights activists, known for their fight against social injustices and lasting impact on the lives of black citizens, including Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, Nelson Mandela, Nina Simone, Mary McLeod Bethune, Lena Horne, Marva Collins, Rosa Parks, W.E.B. Du Bois, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr.
Famous Civil Rights Activists 186 people in this group