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A World War II French resistance leader who became a government minister, Georges Bidault's opposition to Algerian independence forced him into years of exile.
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After this, Bidault's parliamentary immunity was revoked and he was charged with conspiracy. Bidault lived in exile (first in Brazil and then in Belgium) from 1962 to 1968, when de Gaulle granted him amnesty.
After returning to France, Bidault founded a far-right party. The group was not successful, and afterward Bidault played little role in politics. He was 83 years old when he died on January 27, 1983, in Cambo-les-Bains, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France.
Bidault's service in the resistance led to his becoming a Compagnon de la Libération (Companion of the Liberation) and receiving the Grand Croix de la Légion d'honneur (Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor), two of France's highest honors. His work in government following World War II helped France maintain its status as a world power. However, the decision to work against Algeria's freedom, to the extent that Bidault supported the overthrow of France's government, still casts a long shadow over his other accomplishments.
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