- NAME: George C. Marshall Jr.
- OCCUPATION: General, Government Official
- BIRTH DATE: December 31, 1880
- DEATH DATE: October 16, 1959
- Did You Know?: George C. Marshall Jr. was a horrible student until he entered the military academy.
- EDUCATION: Virginia Military Institute, Infantry-Cavalry School, Army Staff College
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Uniontown, Pennsylvania
- PLACE OF DEATH: Washington, D.C.
- Full Name: George Catlett Marshall Jr.
- AKA: George Catlett Marshall
- AKA: George C. Marshall Jr.
- AKA: George C. Marshall
- AKA: George Marshall
Best Known For
During his military career, George C. Marshall Jr. served as U.S. Army chief of staff and secretary of state. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.
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Despite Marshall's failure to resolve the Chinese conflict, President Truman appointed him secretary of state in 1947. The European economy was in shambles after World War II, and there was great political instability. Marshall believed that the United States' interests could be best served with an economically strong and stable Europe. In June of 1947, Marshall proposed a sweeping economic recovery program, later known as the Marshall Plan, which would remove trade barriers,
modernize industry and make Europe prosperous again. The plan was a success, and in 1953, Marshall received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.
When the Korean War broke out in 1951, President Truman again tapped Marshall, this time as his secretary of defense. Due to ill health, Marshall only served one year before retiring completely from public life in September 1951. He died in Washington, D.C., on October 16, 1959, at age 79.
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When Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel died in 1896, he left his fortune to create an annual series of prizes for the individuals who confer "the greatest benefit on mankind." The most prestigious of the awards is the Nobel Peace Prize. Historians believe Alfred Nobel wanted to award people who work for peace to compensate for his own role in inventing dynamite. Since its establishment, the prize has gone to many courageous individuals who have fought for peace and human rights around the world.
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