- NAME: George C. Marshall Jr.
- OCCUPATION: General, Government Official
- BIRTH DATE: December 31, 1880
- DEATH DATE: October 16, 1959
- EDUCATION: Virginia Military Institute
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Uniontown, Pennsylvania
- PLACE OF DEATH: Washington, D.C.
- Full Name: George Catlett Marshall Jr.
- AKA: George Catlett Marshall
- AKA: George C. Marshall Jr.
- AKA: George C. Marshall
- AKA: George Marshall
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George C. Marshall Jr. was born on December 31, 1880, in Uniontown, Pennsylvania. He graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1901 and married in 1902. After serving in World War I, Marshall served as the U.S. Army's chief of staff during World War II. From 1947 to 1948, he served as U.S. secretary of state. His European Recovery Program was called the Marshall Plan. In 1953, Marshall received the Nobel Peace Prize. He died in Washington, D.C., on October 16, 1959.
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When Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel died in 1896, he left his fortune to create an annual series of prizes for the individuals who confer "the greatest benefit on mankind." The most prestigious of the awards is the Nobel Peace Prize. Historians believe Alfred Nobel wanted to award people who work for peace to compensate for his own role in inventing dynamite. Since its establishment, the prize has gone to many courageous individuals who have fought for peace and human rights around the world.
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