- NAME: Garrett Morgan
- OCCUPATION: Entrepreneur, Inventor, Publisher
- BIRTH DATE: March 04, 1877
- DEATH DATE: August 27, 1963
- Did You Know?: In 1914, Garrett Morgan patented a breathing device in the form of a canvas hood—a precursor to the modern gas mask.
- Did You Know?: Garrett Morgan invented the first automatic three-way traffic signal system, which he eventually sold to General Electric.
- Did You Know?: Garrett Morgan was the first black man in Cleveland, Ohio, to own a car.
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Paris, Kentucky
- PLACE OF DEATH: Cleveland, Ohio
- AKA: Garrett Augustus Morgan
- Full Name: Garrett Augustus Morgan Sr.
- AKA: Garrett Morgan
- Nickname: "Big Chief Mason"
- AKA: Garrett A. Morgan
Best Known For
Garrett Morgan blazed a trail for African-American inventors with his many patents, including those for a hair-straightening product, a breathing device, a revamped sewing machine and an improved traffic signal.
Think you know about Biography?
Answer questions and see how you rank against other players.Play Now
Additionally, in 1920, he launched the African-American newspaper the Cleveland Call (later named the Call and Post).
Morgan began developing glaucoma in 1943, and lost most of his sight as a result. The accomplished inventor died in Cleveland, Ohio, on August 27, 1963, one month before the anniversary reading of the Emancipation Proclamation, an event that he had been looking forward to. Just before his death, Morgan was honored by the U.S. government for his traffic signal invention, and he was eventually restored to his place in history as a hero of the Lake Erie rescue.
Morgan's improved and saved countless lives worldwide, including those of firefighters, soldiers and vehicle operators, with his profound inventions. His work provided the blueprint for many important advancements that came later, and continues to inspire and serve as a basis for research conducted by modern-day inventors and engineers.
© 2014 A+E Networks. All rights reserved.
profile name: Garrett Morgan profile occupation:
Sign in with Facebook to see how you and your friends are connected to famous icons.
Your Friends' Connections
Included In These Groups
They are among history's most revered black inventors, known for their relentless inquisition, passionate research, impeccable design and, most importantly, their desire to push the envelope. Some of the world's greatest technological and social advancements, including the modern-day gas mask, light bulb and traffic light, owe their origins to black inventors. Did you know that George Washington Carver developed more than 100 products using peanuts? Or that Madam C.J. Walker was the first American woman to become a self-made millionaire? Learn more about these inventors, as well as Lonnie G. Johnson, Garrett Morgan, Patricia Bath, Percy Julian and more, at Biography.com.
Famous Black Inventors 16 people in this group
When it comes to famous black scientists, George Washington Carver, Mae C. Jemison, and Neil deGrasse Tyson probably come to mind. But do you know about Otis Boykin and how he's helped old hearts beat a little better? And how about Garrett Morgan, whose inventions have kept hair straighter, clothes fitter and traffic more efficient? Get more on these famous black scientists and more, only at Biography.com.
Famous Black Scientists 15 people in this group
Explore Biography.com's collection of African-American entrepreneurs and industry leaders, including Edward T. Lewis, Madam C.J. Walker, Elijah McCoy, Oprah Winfrey, Allen Allensworth, Tyra Banks and Wally Amos. View full biographies, photos, videos and more, only at Biography.com.
African-American Firsts: Entrepreneurs 18 people in this group